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Citation Styles (Turabian)

Proper formatting for citations according to the AMBS standard.

The Turabian Style Manual

Citing correctly and consistently is a challenge.  Why bother?

  1. Acknowledge the contributions of other authors.
  2. Avoid plagiarism.
  3. Demonstrate that you know the significant writings on this topic.
  4. Direct the reader to additional information.
  5. Encourage others to do further research on the topic.

Whether you use a direct quotation to your paper or rephrase someone else's idea, you should cite works from which you have drawn inspiration.  These may be texts, images, interviews or media. Keep a record of citations as you are working so you don't have to go back later and search for them. 

Citation Examples Online

AMBS uses the Turabian notes-bibliography style for citations.  Turabian is based on The Chicago Manual of Style. The sites below provide many examples.

About Turabian Style

Turabian styles are slightly modified from those presented in The Chicago Manual Of Style in order to serve the needs of student writers.  The format of citations in the Chicago style may be followed if care is taken to standardize the font of footnote and endnote numbers.

How did Kate Turabian, a typist who never graduated from college, become responsible for approving the format of every dissertation at the prestigious University of Chicago?  See this tribute.

Zotero Citation Manager

Zotero is a free online service for collecting, citing, organizing and sharing research sources.  AMBS encourages students to use Zotero.  See IT Director Brent Graber ( for assistance.