The Turabian Style Manual
Zotero Citation Manager
Zotero is a free online service for collecting, citing, organizing and sharing research sources. AMBS encourages students to use Zotero. See IT Director Brent Graber (firstname.lastname@example.org) for assistance.
Citation Examples Online
AMBS uses the Turabian notes-bibliography style for citations. Turabian is based on The Chicago Manual of Style. The sites below provide many examples.
Why do I need to cite?
Citing correctly and consistently is a challenge. Why bother? Here are some reasons:
- Acknowledge the contributions of other authors.
- Avoid plagiarism.
- Demonstrate that you know the significant writings on this topic.
- Direct the reader to additional information.
- Encourage others to do further research on the topic.
Whether you use a direct quotation to your paper or rephrase someone else's idea, you should cite works from which you have drawn inspiration. These may be texts, images, interviews or media. Keep a record of citations as you are working so you don't have to go back later and search for them.
What's New in the Eighth Edition?
Changes are summarized in this review prepared at the Graduate Writing Center of Liberty University.
Most changes in the eighth edition are related to formatting online resources (15.4.1). Writers are instructed to include the date accessed and a URL, preferrably a stable URL such as digital object identifier (DOI). Note in particular this statement regarding citation of books in a library or commercial database. Virtually all ebooks that the AMBS library provides are from EBSCO eBooks or Proquest ebrary, both commercial databases.
"17.1.10 Electronic Book...If you consulted the book in a library or commercial database, you may give the name of the database instead [of a URL]..."
This example is taken from 17.1.10, p. 181:
Quinlan, Joseph P. The Last Economic Superpower: the Retreat of Globalization, the End of American Dominance, and What We Can Do about It. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2010. Accessed November 1, 2011. ProQuest Ebrary.
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About Turabian Style
Turabian styles are slightly modified from those presented in The Chicago Manual Of Style in order to serve the needs of student writers. The format of citations in the Chicago style may be followed if care is taken to standardize the font of footnote and endnote numbers.
How did Kate Turabian, a typist who never graduated from college, become responsible for approving the format of every dissertation at the prestigious University of Chicago? See this tribute.